American Daffodil Society
The classification of a daffodil cultivar (cultivated variety) is based
on the description and measurements or the classification submitted by
the person registering the variety.
2. Color codes used to describe
the color of daffodils are as follows:
W - White or Whitish
G - Green
Y - Yellow
P - Pink
O - Orange
R - Red
For the purpose of the description, the daffodil is divided into two
regions, the perianth (petals) and corona (cup).
4. The perianth (petals) is
described using letters of the color code most appropriate, identifying
first the outside edge of the petal, then the middle, and lastly the
inside part next to the corona.
5. The corona (cup) is described
using letters of the color code most appropriate, beginning with the
inside, eye-zone, then the mid-zone and extending out to the edge or
6. The written format used to
describe the classification of a daffodil is the following:
division designation (number 1-13),
2. letter or letters of the color code most accurately describing the
zones of the perianth followed by a hyphen,
3. letter of the color code, most accurately describing the zones of the
example, Angel's Whisper, in the photo above, is a Division 5
Yellow-Yellow and is displayed as: 5 Y-Y
In Division 4, double daffodils, the letters of the color code
accurately describing the mixture of petals and petaloids follow in
proper order, using three, two, or one color codes as appropriate.
If the perianth and/or corona are substantially of a single color; a
single letter of the color code is used to describe its classification.
Whether of wild or cultivated origin, once a
selection has been distinguished by a cultivar name it is normally
assigned to Divisions 1-12. Daffodils distinguished solely by botanical
name should be assigned to Division 13.
characteristics for Divisions 5 to 10 are given for guidance
only; they are not all necessarily expected to be present in
every cultivar assigned to those divisions.
All daffodils are classified
into one of the thirteen divisions described below:
Division 1 - Trumpet
One flower to a stem, corona (trumpet or cup) as
long or longer than the perianth segments (petals).
Division 2 - Large Cup
One flower to a stem, corona (cup) more than one
third but less than equal to the length of the perianth segments
Division 3 - Short Cup
One flower to a stem, corona (cup) not more than
one third the height of the perianth segments (petals).
Division 4 - Double
Daffodils have a clustered cup, petals or both.
There can be one or more flowers per stem.
Division 5 - Triandrus
Usually more than one flower to a stem, head
drooping, perianth segments often reflexed and of silky texture.
Division 6 - Cyclamineus
One flower to a stem, perianth significantly
reflexed and corona straight and narrow. Some exceptions exist.
Division 7 - Jonquilla
Usually several flower heads to a stem, flowers
usually fragrant, stem is round in cross-section and foliage is often
Division 8 - Tazetta
Usually three to twenty flowers to a stout stem,
sweet scented and very short cupped. Perianth segments rounded and often
Division 9 - Poeticus
Usually one flower to a stem. White petals
sometimes stained with the corona color at the base, small flat cup
edged with red. Fragrant.
Division 10 -
Small flowers resemble a "hoop
Division 11 - Split Corona
Corona split - usually more than half its length.
Split-corona daffodils with the corona
segments opposite the perianth segments; the corona
segments usually in two whorls of three
Split-corona daffodils with the corona segments
alternate to the perianth segments; the corona segments
usually in a single whorl of six
Division 12 -
Daffodils not falling into any of the previous
Division 13 - Species
All species and reputedly wild forms.
We would like to thank Gary and Bonnie
McClure, for their generous sponsorship towards the ArDS web site.
Daffodil Clubs Near You
About the ArDS
Join the ArDS
2014 Daffodil Shows
Events & Show Calendar
2013 ADS Show Results
Blue Ribbon Daffodils
Growing in Containers
Daffodils for the South
2014 Registration Form
2014 Show Schedule
Photography Entry Forms
Schedule of Events
Convention Committee Chairmen
ADS March Journal Article
ADS December Journal Article
ADS September Journal Article
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the Daffodil Planter
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A daffodil with a
A daffodil to send
you into orbit [Stratosphere]
Do you like orange
in your daffodils? [Falconet]
© 2011 The Arkansas Daffodil Society
All rights reserved.